“Health – A to Z” – G

“Health – A to Z” –  The Letter G

Garlic

Low in calories, high in health benefits. Garlic has anti-Inflammatory, antibacterial and antiviral properties.

GI

Glycemic Index describes this difference by ranking carbohydrates according to their effect on our blood glucose levels. Choosing low GI carbs – the ones that produce only small fluctuations in our blood glucose and insulin levels – is the secret to long-term health reducing your risk of heart disease and diabetes and is the key to sustainable weight loss.

Grapes

Contain beneficial compounds called flavonoids, which are phytonutrients that give the vibrant purple color to grapes, grape juice and red wine; the stronger the color, the higher the concentration of flavonoids. Flavonoid compounds include quercitin, as well as a second flavonoid-type compound called resveratrol. Both compounds appear to decrease the risk of heart disease by reducing platelet clumping and harmful blood clots and protecting LDL cholesterol from the free radical damage that initiates LDL’s artery-damaging actions. Grapes and products made from grapes, such as wine and grape juice, may protect the French from their high-fat diets. Diets high in saturated fats like butter and lard, and lifestyle habits like smoking are risk factors for heart disease. Yet, French people with these habits have a lower risk of heart attack than Americans do. One clue that may help explain this “French paradox” is their frequent consumption of grapes and red wines.

Green Tea

Has multiple health benefits. Contains antioxidant polyphenols, notably a catechin called epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG). Green tea is known to assist in weight loss, be an anti cancer food, to help regulate blood sugar and reduce bad cholesterol. The other day a doctor on “The View” was talking about how drinking a few cups of green tea each day reduces the risk of breast cancer.